Joint Fixation

Your spine is made up of 24 bones stacked on top of each other with a soft "disc" between each segment to allow for flexibility.  Normally, each joint in your spine should move freely and independently.  When a joint is fixated or "locked up" it is not able to continue through its full range of motion.  This fixation can lead to local tenderness and discomfort, a decrease in range of motion, or increased pain with motion.  Joint restrictions can develop in many ways.  Sometimes they are brought on by an accident or injury.  Other times, they develop from repetitive strains or poor posture.  Being overweight, smoking, strenuous work and emotional stress can also lead to joint fixations.

SPRAIN/STRAIN INJURY

What-is-a-Repetitive-Strain-Injury.jpgA sprain/strain injury occurs when a ligament or tendon is stretched beyond its limits.  These injuries may be treated initially for the first 48 hours with RICES: rest, ice, compression, elevation and support.  Any increasing pain or discomfort lasting more than 24 hours is a warning that something needs to be checked and addressed.


DISC PROBLEMS

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Discs are the flexible cushions between the bones of our spine and depend upon normal position and movement of adjacent spinal bones to stay healthy.  When a vertebra loses its normal motion, the healthy "pumping" of nutrients stops and the disc begins to dry, crack, and eventually bulge under stress, putting pressure on nearby spinal nerves, causing radiating pain into your legs or arms.